hanks to the " Fairy Electricity " which appeared at the end of the XIX th,

the desk lamp and the lamp in general, is about to go through a real revolution.
The old models which used gas or oil in the XIXth, are then fit out with bulbs. And they are first found in the administrations or in the studies of the members of liberal professions.

Thus, the Quinquet Lamp was the first one with great candlesticks to undergo the transformation...
Its particular presentation : a tank on are side of the base and a lampshade on the other one, made it the typical desk lamp.

odels conceived and suited to wok with electricity suddenly appear :

Ta Magistrate Lamp: from 50 to 60 cm of height,the most often with a lampshade made of ribbed opaline.

The Student Lamp : easy to use it. It gets its inspiration directly from the Quinquet Lamp. Usually, the socket is fixed on a rod that can be orientated.

The Architect Lamp : the most popular at the time, it is entirely articulated, very high, and fit with little lampshades, which are directional and adjustable as pleasure.
It is primarily put on the desks but step by step, it is soon fixed with pliers or screws.

At the beginning of the XXth, thanks to the profession of designer, the Desk Lamp becomes very aesthetic as it undergoes the influence of the "Art Nouveau Movement" .
The lampshades take the form of "mushrooms" fringed with perls, and new round and floral forms are discovered.
Then, the Desk Lamp becames more rigourous and more refined with the arrival of the "Art Déco" in 1920. The forms became geometrical, the metal, the steel and the glass more dominant.
With the help of technicians, the lamps are articulated and flexible, the lampshades became smaller and the materials are diversified.
Regule, copper, brass and bronze replaced by lighter materials such as aluminium.
The lampshades are made of metal, opaline or moulded glass, which is very appreciated by the Art Déco Creators.

The "Bath Type Lamp" : appears in the 1910. Tts main characteristic is a little rectangular lampshade of opaline or of metal, which looks like a bath upside down.
Wrongly thought to come from America (for its is very common in this country) it can also be found in Europe.
American models invade the Old Continent from 1920 to 1930 and still remain fashionable nowadays.

Many desk lamps were created by unknown societies or are also completely anonymous.
However, a few French Labels became famous :

La Société Jumo : in the 1920's and 1930's, knew a real success thanks to a lamps made of bakelite and of metal that entirely withdrew into its base, so that it formed a little base when it was closed.

La Firme Jean Perzel : from 1923 and still today, it produces diverse models of desk lamps. However, it is in the 1930's that the label " Perzel " becames famous and popular, with lamps whose forms are simple and refined, and by using glass, metal and steel.

La Maison Française Ibrin : produces from 1924 to 1939 wonderful models also very simple and refined, made of a base topped by a lampshade globelike and uses copper, metal, wood and subcontracts the glass-woking in Germany.

Among the foreign signatures, let us note the Germans too :

Siemens et Schanzenbach (1910-1920), Wild und Wessel or also Hugo Schneider or Kleemann.